# Finančne funkcije

## Finančne funkcije

Finančne funkcije provide common business calculations.

 ACCRINT Calculates the accrued interest of a security in the case of periodic payments. ACCRINTM Calculates the accrued interest of a security in the case of one-off payment at the settlement date. AMORDEGRC Calculates the amount of depreciation for a settlement period as degressive amortization. AMORLINC Calculates the amount of depreciation for a settlement period as linear amortization. COUPDAYBS Returns the number of days from the first day of interest payment on a security until the settlement date. COUPDAYS Returns the number of days in the current interest period in which the settlement date falls. COUPDAYSNC Returns the number of days from the settlement date until the next interest date. COUPNCD Returns the date of the first interest date after the settlement date. Format the result as a date. COUPNUM Returns the number of coupons (interest payments) between the settlement date and the maturity date. COUPPCD Returns the date of the interest date prior to the settlement date. Format the result as a date. CUMIPMT Calculates the cumulative interest payments, that is, the total interest, for an investment based on a constant interest rate. CUMIPMT_ADD Calculates the accumulated interest for a period. CUMPRINC Returns the cumulative interest paid for an investment period with a constant interest rate. CUMPRINC_ADD Calculates the cumulative redemption of a loan in a period. DB Returns the depreciation of an asset for a given year using the fixed rate declining-balance method. DDB Returns the depreciation of an asset for a given year using the double (or n) declining-balance method. DISC Calculates the allowance (discount) of a security as a percentage. DOLLARDE Converts a quotation that has been given as a decimal fraction into a decimal number. DOLLARFR Converts a quotation that has been given as a decimal number into a mixed decimal fraction. DURATION Calculates the number of periods required by an investment to attain the desired value. DURATION_ADD Calculates the duration of a fixed interest security in years. EFFECTIVE Returns the net annual interest rate for a nominal interest rate. EFFECT_ADD Calculates the effective annual rate of interest on the basis of the nominal interest rate and the number of interest payments per annum. FV Returns the future value of an investment based on periodic, constant payments and a constant interest rate (Future Value). FVSCHEDULE Calculates the accumulated value of the starting capital for a series of periodically varying interest rates. INTRATE Calculates the annual interest rate that results when a security (or other item) is purchased at an investment value and sold at a redemption value. No interest is paid. IPMT Calculates the periodic amortizement for an investment with regular payments and a constant interest rate. IRR Calculates the internal rate of return for an investment. The values represent cash flow values at regular intervals, at least one value must be negative (payments), and at least one value must be positive (income). ISPMT Calculates the level of interest for unchanged amortization installments. MDURATION Calculates the modified Macauley duration of a fixed interest security in years. MIRR Calculates the modified internal rate of return of a series of investments. NOMINAL Calculates the yearly nominal interest rate, given the effective rate and the number of compounding periods per year. NOMINAL_ADD Calculates the annual nominal rate of interest on the basis of the effective rate and the number of interest payments per annum. NPER Returns the number of periods for an investment based on periodic, constant payments and a constant interest rate. NPV Returns the present value of an investment based on a series of periodic cash flows and a discount rate. ODDLPRICE Calculates the price per 100 currency units par value of a security, if the last interest date falls irregularly. ODDLYIELD Calculates the yield of a security if the last interest date falls irregularly. ODDFPRICE Calculates the price per 100 currency units par value of a security, if the first interest date falls irregularly. ODDFYIELD Calculates the yield of a security if the first interest date falls irregularly. PMT Returns the periodic payment for an annuity with constant interest rates. PPMT Returns for a given period the payment on the principal for an investment that is based on periodic and constant payments and a constant interest rate. PRICE Calculates the market value of a fixed interest security with a par value of 100 currency units as a function of the forecast yield. PRICEDISC Calculates the price per 100 currency units of par value of a non-interest- bearing security. PRICEMAT Calculates the price per 100 currency units of par value of a security, that pays interest on the maturity date. PV Returns the present value of an investment resulting from a series of regular payments. RATE Returns the constant interest rate per period of an annuity. RECEIVED Calculates the amount received that is paid for a fixed-interest security at a given point in time. RRI Calculates the interest rate resulting from the profit (return) of an investment. SLN Returns the depreciation of an asset in a single period using the straight-line depreciation method. SYD Returns the depreciation of an asset for a given year using the sum-of-years'-digits method. TBILLEQ Calculates the annual return on a treasury bill (). A treasury bill is purchased on the settlement date and sold at the full par value on the maturity date, that must fall within the same year. A discount is deducted from the purchase price. TBILLPRICE Calculates the price of a treasury bill per 100 currency units. TBILLYIELD Calculates the yield of a treasury bill. VDB Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified or partial period using a variable declining balance method. XIRR Calculates the internal rate of return for a list of payments which take place on different dates. The calculation is based on a 365 days per year basis, ignoring leap years. XNPV Calculates the capital value (net present value)for a list of payments which take place on different dates. The calculation is based on a 365 days per year basis, ignoring leap years. YIELD Calculates the yield of a security. YIELDDISC Calculates the annual yield of a non-interest-bearing security. YIELDMAT Calculates the annual yield of a security, the interest of which is paid on the date of maturity.