Migrating to Apache OpenOffice
What is OpenOffice.org?
OpenOffice.org (OOo) is a freely-available, full-featured office suite. It includes the following components.
Writer (word processor)
Impress (presentation graphics)
Draw (vector graphics)
Math (formula editor)
What are the advantages of OpenOffice.org?
Here are some of the advantages of OpenOffice.org over other office suites:
- No licensing fees. OOo is free for anyone to use and distribute at no cost. Many features that are available as extra cost add-ins in other office suites (like PDF export) are free with OOo. There are no hidden charges now or in the future.
- Open source. You can distribute, copy, and modify the software as much as you wish, in accordance with either of OOo's Open Source licenses.
- Cross-platform. OOo 2.0 runs on several hardware architectures and under multiple operating systems, such as Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X, Linux, and Sun Solaris.
- Extensive language support. OOo’s user interface is available in over 40 languages and the OOo project provides spelling, hyphenation and thesuarus dictionaries in over 70 languages and dialects. OOo also provides support for both Complex Text Layout (CTL) and Right to Left (RTL) layout languages (such as Hindi, Hebrew and Arabic).
- Consistent user interface. All the components have a similar “look and feel”, making them easy to use and master.
- Integration. The components of OpenOffice.org are well integrated with one another.
- All the components share a common spelling checker and other tools, which are used consistently across the suite. For example, the drawing tools available in Writer are also found in Calc, with similar but enhanced versions in Impress and Draw.
- You do not need to know which application was used to create a particular file (for example, you can open a Draw file from Writer).
- Granularity. Usually, if you change an option, it affects all components. However, options can be set at a component level or even document level.
- File compatibility. OOo includes PDF and Flash export capabilities, as well as support for opening and saving files in many common formats including Microsoft Office, HTML, XML, WordPerfect and Lotus 123 formats.
- No vendor lock-in. OOo 2.0 uses OpenDocument, an XML (eXtensible Markup Language) file format developed as an industry standard by OASIS (Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards). These files can easily be unzipped and read by any text editor, and their framework is open and published.
- You have a voice. Enhancements, software fixes and release dates are community-driven. You can join the community and affect the course of the product you use.
You can read more about OpenOffice.org, its mission, history, licensing and other organizational information here: http://www.openoffice.org/about.html
How does OpenOffice.org compare?
OpenOffice.org can match and exceed the feature set of competing office suites. The following table lists the main components of OOo and compares them with their equivalents in two leading office suites, Microsoft Office 2003 (MSO) and WordPerfect Office X3 (WP).
|Word processor||Writer||Word®||WordPerfect® X3|
|Spreadsheet||Calc||Excel®||Quattro Pro® X3|
|Presentation Graphics||Impress||PowerPoint®||Presentations™ X3|
|Database||Base||Access® 1||Paradox® 2|
|Math or Formula Editor||Math||yes||no|
1 Professional version only.
2 Professional and Student and Teacher editions only.
The following tables list some important features of OpenOffice.org and compare them with two leading office suites, Microsoft Office 2003 (MSO) and WordPerfect X3 (WP).
Styles and formatting
|Styles and Formatting window||
|Keyboard support for paragraph styles||
|Support for page, frame, and list styles||
|Spelling and language proofing modules||
|Formula or equation tools||
1 “Outline View” in Word offers a subset of the features of OOo’s Navigator.
2 Requires an additional license for the the Multilingual User Interface Pack.
|PDF export capability||
|Flash export capability||
|XML export capability||
|OpenDocument XML format||
|Import/Export Microsoft Office files||
|Import WordPerfect files||
|Import Lotus 123 files||
|Connect to external databases (MySQL, Oracle, Access, etc.)||
|Languages available (localizations)||
|Supported operating systems||
|Unicode language support||
1 Requires additional third-party software, such as PDF Writer or PDF Converter.2 Microsoft Office: Mac is not feature compatible with Microsoft Office 2003.
Macros are programs which automate tasks and can be embedded in a document. The following table lists the languages available for macro development in each office suite.
Beyond simple macros, some office suites can be extended to include new features. This capability usually takes the form of plug-ins. In the case of OpenOffice.org, it can also be done through changes to the source code.
|C and C++||
|Source code available!||
|Secure paths for macro execution||
New features in version 2
OpenOffice.org 2.0 delivers hundreds of improvements and new features. Here are some of the major enhancements.
- Simplified installation. Installations are now performed by platform-native installers with no need to use command-line switches (or flags) for multi-user installations. You can also specify which version of Java (if any) is to be used by OOo from the installation interface.
- New database component. In the new stand-alone database component, you can create forms, reports, queries, tables, views and relations. OOo now includes HSQLDB, a small, fast, relational database engine that supports a subset of ANSI-92 SQL, along with an easy to use interface. Additionally, it is now easier than ever to use other databases (dBASE, MySQL, Oracle, among others).
- New file format. OOo 2.0 uses the new OpenDocument standard XML file format (standardized by OASIS, http://www.oasis-open.org/home/index.php) as its default file format. This new file format is also used in StarOffice, IBM Workspace and KOffice, and will be used by other products in the future. OOo 2.0 can still read and save files in formats previously supported by OOo 1.x, including Microsoft Office formats.
- Native system theme integration. To further integrate OpenOffice.org with the underlying operating system, all user interface elements (such as buttons and scrollbars) have the same look as those used in other native applications for each platform.
- Digital signatures. Digital signatures provide authentication of the true author or editor of a document. This feature provides further security with running macros.
- Enhanced encryption. Implementation of the new XML (eXtensible Markup Language) encryption algorithm offers additional document security.
- Usability improvements. Redesigned toolbars are more usable, and display only selected default tools and related options. The usability of the Menus tab of the Tools > Customize dialog has been improved. Several features have been renamed to conform with common office suite terminology (for example, “AutoPilot” is now a “Wizard”).
- Thumbnails. The new plug-in for the the native file explorer provides a thumbnail preview of an OOo file. Some of the more common file system explorers that can use this new feature are Nautilus (Gnome), Konqueror (KDE), and Microsoft Windows Explorer.
- Import and export filters
- Improved PDF export filter now includes PDF bookmarks, PDF notes, and more.
- Import and export of Microsoft Office 95 and Office 97 spin buttons and scrollbars have been added to the Word filters.
- The import filter for Microsoft PowerPoint documents now creates text objects having font-independent line spacing enabled.
- Enhanced export to HTML produces valid “XHTML 1.0 Strict” documents. XHTML export has been enabled for Calc, Draw and Impress.
- You can now open Microsoft Office password-protected documents.
- New import filters for WordPerfect and Lotus 123.
- Send document as e-mail. OOo 2.0 makes it easier to use your email client to send the active document as an attachment.
- Enhanced mail merge feature. Enhancements include better management of databases and saving into one single file.
- Drag and drop selections to create styles. Drag and drop a text selection into the Styles and Formatting window to create a new paragraph style or character style.
- Form controls. Form controls can be embedded in all OOo documents that support a form layer.
- New keyboard shortcuts. You can now use the keyboard to perform the actions found under Edit > Paste Special. Multiple selected sheets in a spreadsheet can be deselected using the keyboard. Paragraph and other styles can be assigned to key combinations.
- Auto recovery of files and the workspace environment. The OOo Error Reporting tool and the document recovery features have been combined. Now if OOo crashes, the active documents are saved. You can recover the documents, and send an error report.
- Enhanced features in Calc. These enhancements include improved number recognition, an improved Hyperlink function, conditional arrays, a greater selection of predefined headers and footers, more options for defining how to print sheets, new options for the DataPilot feature, and support for right-to-left languages.
- Calc row limit increased. The number of spreadsheet rows has been increased to 65536, the same number of rows as Microsoft Excel.
- Enhanced multimedia. The multimedia presentation model uses the W3C’s Synchronized Multimedia Integration Language (SMIL) standard. Now Impress can render nearly all of the Microsoft PowerPoint animation effects. Two new task panels provide access to shape and slide transition effects.
- Programmatic control of menu and toolbar items. Third-party developers can write plugins to manipulate menu bar and toolbar layouts to their needs. Developers can now insert, remove, and modify menu items, context menus, and toolbar items at runtime.
- Scripting framework. The scripting framework allows you to write macros in a number of languages other than OOo Basic. You can assign these macros to menu items, keyboard combinations, application and document events, form controls within documents, and various objects within documents.
For a complete, detailed listing, go to the OpenOffice.org 2.0 Office Suite, Guide to New Features located at http://marketing.openoffice.org/2.0/featureguide.html#enduser
What are the minimum requirements?
OpenOffice.org 2.0 requires one of the following operating systems:
- Microsoft Windows 98, Windows ME, Windows 2000 (Service Pack 2 or higher), Windows XP or Windows 2003
- GNU/Linux Kernel version 2.2.13 and glibc 2.2.0 or newer
- Mac OS X 10.3.x (10.3.5 recommended), Mac OS X 10.4.x, plus X11
- Solaris version 8 or higher
More operating systems will be supported in the future.
Some OpenOffice.org features (wizards and the database component) require that the Java Runtime Environment (JRE) be installed on your computer. Although OOo will work fine without Java support, some features will not be available. You can download the latest version from http://www.java.com.
For a more detailed (and up-to-date) listing of requirements, see: http://www.openoffice.org/about.htmlhttp://www.openoffice.org/dev_docs/source/sys_reqs_20.html
How do I get the software?
You can get the OpenOffice.org installation package in any of these ways:
- Download a copy from the project’s home page: http://www.openoffice.org.
- Download a copy using the Peer to Peer client, BitTorrent. The instructions are here: http://distribution.openoffice.org/p2p/.
- Purchase a copy on a CD-ROM or other digital form from a third party distributor. The project maintains a listing of distributors; however these distributors are not connected with, nor endorsed by OpenOffice.org:http://distribution.openoffice.org/cdrom/sellers.html.
- The OpenOffice.org Porting Project has links to versions of the software that have been, or are currently being “ported” to run under various operating systems. http://porting.openoffice.org/index.html.
How do I install OpenOffice.org?
Information on installing and setting up OpenOffice.org on the various supported operating systems is given here: http://download.openoffice.org/common/instructions.html
You can also download the more detailed Setup Guide (in several languages) from http://documentation.openoffice.org/setup_guide2/index.html
How do I get support?
OOo comes with an extensive Help system. This is your first line of support for using OOo.
To display the full Help system, press F1 or select OpenOffice.org Help from the Help menu. In addition, you can choose whether to activate tooltips, extended tips, and the Help Agent (using Tools > Options > General).
If tooltips are enabled, place the mouse pointer over any of the icons to see a small box (“tooltip”) with a brief explanation of the icon’s function. For a more detailed explanation, select Help > What's This? and hold the pointer over the icon.
Free online support
The OpenOffice.org community not only develops software, but provides free, volunteer-based support. Users of OOo can get comprehensive online support from community venues such as newsgroups, forums or mailing lists. There are also numerous websites run by users that offer free tips and tutorials.
|Free OpenOffice.org support|
|User FAQ||Frequently Asked Questions for Users|
|Users Mailing List|| Free community support provided by a network of hundreds of experienced users. You must be subscribed to post messages. To subscribe, send a blank email to email@example.com
List archives are here: http://www.openoffice.org/servlets/SummarizeList? listName=users
|Documentation Project||Templates, user guides, how-tos, and other documentation. http://documentation.openoffice.org/|
|Native Language Project||Information, resources, and mail lists in your language. http://projects.openoffice.org/native-lang.html|
|Mac Support||Support for installing and using the Mac OS X (X11 based) port. http://porting.openoffice.org/mac/support.html|
|The OpenOffice.org Forum||Extensive discussion forum for OpenOffice.org issues from setup to advanced programming features. http://www.oooforum.org/|
|OOo KnowledgeBase||A collection of questions and answers that users can query. http://mindmeld.cybersite.com.au/|
Read more about the support options for OpenOffice.org at:http://support.openoffice.org/index.html
Paid support and training
Alternatively, you can pay for support services. Service contracts can be purchased from a vendor or consulting firm specializing in OpenOffice.org.
OOo is supported by Sun Microsystems, Inc. under the Sun Software Support program, which includes two levels of support that cover extended business hours or around-the-clock service for mission-critical deployments. http://www.sun.com/service/support/software/openoffice/index.html
A list of independent consultants and the services they offer, listed alphabetically by region and then by country, is provided on the OpenOffice.org website. http://bizdev.openoffice.org/consultants.html
Other resources and addons
Several websites provide additional free resources and addons to enhance OpenOffice.org. The following table lists a few of these websites.
|Free OOo templates, artwork and other addons|
|OOExtras||Provides templates, samples and macros in several languages. http://ooextras.sourceforge.net/|
|OOoMacros||A repository for OOo macros and addons, and documentation about writing macros and/or extending OOo. http://www.ooomacros.org/|
|Open Clip Art Library||An archive of clip art that can be used for free for any use. http://www.openclipart.org/|
|OpenOffice.org Macro Information||Andrew Pitonyak, the author of OpenOffice.org Macros Explained, maintains this site which provides extensive documentation on OOo's macro capability. Many good referral links are also provided at: http://www.pitonyak.org/oo.php|
What is involved in the initial migration?
See Sharing Files with Microsoft Office Users in this guide for information about opening and saving files of various formats.
How do I import other files used in Microsoft Office?
See Importing other Microsoft Office Files in this guide for information about importing custom dictionaries, AutoCorrect entries and AutoText entries into OpenOffice.org.
What changes do I need to make in the way that I work?
While the interfaces of OpenOffice.org and Microsoft Office are sufficiently similar to allow immediate productivity, they are not identical. Some functions are based on different underlying concepts. The chapters in this guide will to help you with these differences.
In general what is different in use between Microsoft Office and OpenOffice.org?
See General Differences in Use between OpenOffice.org and Microsoft Office in this guide first, as it gives an overall view of differences; the other chapters build on the information presented in that chapter.
What are the specific differences in use between Word and Writer?
See Differences in Use between Writer and Word in this guide for specific information related to text documents.
What are the specific differences in use between Excel and Calc?
See Differences in Use between Calc and Excel in this guide for specific information related to spreadsheets.
What are the specific differences in use between PowerPoint and Impress?
See Differences in Use between Impress and PowerPoint in this guide for specific information related to presentations.
How can I change OpenOffice.org to make it work even more like the way I have worked in Microsoft Office?
See Customizing OpenOffice.org in this guide for information about changing OpenOffice.org to make it work your way. That chapter includes links to macros that were written to help ease the transition.
How do I use the Math Object editor (OpenOffice.org’s equivalent to Equation Editor)?
What about that database functionality?
Is there an equivalent to WordArt?
Yes. See Chapter 15 “Using Fontwork” in the Getting Started guide.
What are the issues when migrating from WordPerfect to Writer?
Can I open WordPerfect files in OOo?
Yes, a WordPerfect filter is now available in the standard OpenOffice.org installation.
What macros are available to make Writer work more like WordPerfect?
OpenOffice.org’s Writer does not have underlying codes in the same way that WordPerfect does. But a macro is being written that will allow you to work in a similar way to WordPerfect’s reveal codes. See RevealCodes3.sxw available at http://homepages.paradise.net.nz/hillview/OOo/ for more information.
The hanging indent concept in Writer is quite different from the concept used in WordPerfect. The best approach in OpenOffice.org is to use styles, but to ease the transition, see either AltKeyHandler.sxw or Indents.sxw available from http://homepages.paradise.net.nz/hillview/OOo/ for a macro that approximates WordPerfect’s way of implementing hanging indents.
How is OpenOffice.org licensed?
OpenOffice.org is distributed under the Open Source Initiative (OSI) approved Lesser General Public License (LGPL). The LGPL can be viewed on the OOo website at: http://www.openoffice.org/licenses/lgpl_license.html
For more general information on OOo’s licensing, please refer to: http://www.openoffice.org/license.html.
What is “open source”?
The ideals of open-source software can be explained by the four essential rights, which are embodied within the Free Software Foundation’s General Public License (GPL):
- The right to use the software for any purpose.
- Freedom to redistribute the software for free or for a fee.
- Access to the complete source code of the program (that is, the “blueprints”).
- The right to modify any part of the source, or use portions of it in other programs.
Another view of this philosophy comes from the Open Source Definition:
“The basic idea behind open source is very simple: When programmers can read, redistribute, and modify the source code for a piece of software, the software evolves. People improve it, people adapt it, people fix bugs. And this can happen at a speed that, if one is used to the slow pace of conventional software development, seems astonishing.”
For more information on Free and Open Source software, visit these websites:
Open Source Initiative (OSI): http://www.opensource.org
Free Software Foundation (FSF): http://www.gnu.org
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