# Math commands - Reference

This chapter has been replaced by the Math Guide.

## Unary / binary operators

Operation Command Display
Positive (plus) +1 +1
Negative (minus) -1 −1
Plus/minus +-1 
Minus/plus -+1 
Boolean 'not' neg a ¬a
Dot product a cdot b a·b
Cross product a times b a×b
Multiplication (asterisk) a * b a * b
Boolean 'and' a and b ab
Subtraction a - b a−b
Division (as a fraction) a over b 
Division (as an operator)   a div b a÷b
Division (with a slash) a / b a/b
Boolean 'or' a or b 
Concatenation a circ b 

## Relational operators

Operation Command Display
Is equal a = b a=b
Is not equal a <> b a≠b
Approximately a approx 2 a≈b
Divides a divides b 
Does not divide a ndivides b 
Less than a < 2 a<2
Greater than a > 2 a>2
Similar to or equal a simeq b 
Parallel a parallel b 
Orthogonal to a ortho b 
Less than or equal to a leslant b 
Greater than or equal to a geslant b 
Similar to a sim b 
Congruent a equiv b a≡b
Less than or equal to a <= b a≤b
Greater than or equal to a >= b a≥b
Proportional a prop b 
Toward a toward b a→b
Arrow left a dlarrow b a⇐b
Double arrow left and right   a dlrarrow b a⇔b
Arrow right a drarrow b a⇒b

## Set operations

Operation Command Display
Is in a in B a∈B
Is not in a notin B a∉B
Owns A owns b 
Empty set emptyset 
Intersection A intersection B A∩B
Union A union B A∪B
Difference A setminus B 
Quotient A slash B 
Aleph aleph
Subset A subset B A⊂B
Subset or equal to A subseteq B A⊆B
Superset A supset B A⊃B
Superset or equal to A supseteq B A⊇B
Not subset A nsubset B A / B
Not subset or equal A nsubseteq B A / B
Not superset A nsupset B A / B
Not superset or equal A nsupseteq B A / B
Set of natural numbers setN 
Set of integers setZ 
Set of rational numbers setQ 
Set of real numbers setR 
Set of complex numbers setC 

## Functions

Operation Command Display
Exponential func e^{a} 
Natural logarithm ln(a) 
Exponential function exp(a) 
Logarithm log(a) 
Power a^{b} 
Sine sin(a) 
Cosine cos(a) 
Tangent tan(a) 
Cotangent cot(a) 
Square root sqrt{a} 
Arcsine arcsin(a) 
Arccosine arccos(a) 
Arctangent arctan(a) 
Arc cotangent arccot(a) 
nth root nroot{a}{b} 
Hyperbolic sine sinh(a) 
Hyperbolic cosine cosh(a) 
Hyperbolic tangent tanh(a) 
Hyperbolic cotangent coth(a) 
Absolute value abs{a} 
Arc hyperbolic sine arsinh(a) 
Arc hyperbolic cosine arcosh(a) 
Arc hyperbolic tangent artanh(a) 
Arc hyperbolic cotangent arcoth(a) 
Factorial fact{a} 

## Operators

All operators can be used with the limit functions (“from" and “to").

Operation Command Display
Limit lim{a} 
Sum sum{a} 
Product prod{a} 
Coproduct coprod{a} 
Upper and lower bounds shown with integral int from {r_0} to {r_t} a 
Integral int{a} 
Double integral iint{a} 
Triple integral iiint{a} 
Lower bound shown with summation symbol sum from{3}b 
Contour integral lint a 
Double curved integral llint a
Triple curved integral lllint a
Product with range prod from {i=1} to {n} {(i+1)} 

## Attributes

Operation Command Display
Acute accent acute a á
Grave accent grave a à
Reverse circumflex check a 
Breve breve a 
Circle circle a å
Vector arrow vec a 
Tilde tilde a ã
Circumflex hat a â
Line above bar a 
Dot dot a 
Wide vector arrow widevec abc 
Wide tilde widetilde abc
Wide circumflex widehat abc 
Double dot ddot a 
Line over overline abc 
Line under underline abc 
Line through overstrike abc abc
Triple dot dddot a
Transparent (useful to get a placeholder of a given size) phantom a
Bold font bold a 
Italic font (see Note 1) ital a 
Roman (non-italic) font nitalic a OR "a" 
Resize font size 16 qv qv
Following item in sans serif font (see Note 2) font sans qv qv
Following item in serif font font serif qv 
Following item in fixed font font fixed qv qv
Make color of following text cyan (see Note 3) color cyan qv 
Make color of following text yellow color yellow qv 
Make color of following text white color white qv 
Make color of following text green color green qv 
Make color of following text blue color blue qv 
Make color of following text red color red qv 
Make color green returns to default color black color green X qv 
Brace items to change color of more than one item color green {X qv} 

Note 1: Unquoted text that is not a command is considered to be a variable. Variables are, by default, italicized.

Note 2: There are three custom fonts: serif (with serifs), sans (sans serif, meaning without serifs), and fixed (monospaced). To change the actual fonts used for custom fonts and the fonts used for variables (unquoted text), numbers and functions, use Format > Fonts.

Note 3: For all coloring, the color will apply only to the text immediately following the command until the next space is encountered. In order to have the color apply to more characters, place the text you want in color in curly brackets.

## Miscellaneous

Operation Command Display
Infinity infinity 
Partial partial 
Nabla nabla 
There exists exists 
For all forall 
H bar hbar 
Lambda bar lambdabar
Real part re 
Imaginary part im 
Weierstrass p wp 
Left arrow leftarrow 
Right arrow rightarrow 
Up arrow uparrow 
Down arrow downarrow 
Dots at bottom dotslow 
Dots at middle dotsaxis 
Dots vertical dotsvert 
Dots diagonal upward dotsup
Dots diagonal downward dotsdown 

## Brackets

Operation Command Display
Round Brackets (a) 
Square Brackets [b] 
Double Square Brackets ldbracket c rdbracket 
Single line lline a rline OR abs a 
Double line ldline a rdline 
Braces lbrace w rbrace 
Braces left lbrace stack{0, n <> 0 # 1, n = 1} right none
Angle Brackets langle d rangle 
Operator Brackets langle a mline b rangle 
Group brackets (used for program control) {a} 
Scalable round brackets (add the word "left" before a left bracket and "right" before a right bracket) left ( stack{a # b # z} right ) 
Square brackets scalable
(as above)
left [ stack{ x # y} right ] 
Double square brackets scalable left ldbracket c right rdbracket 
Line scalable left lline a right rline 
Double line scalable left ldline d right rdline 
Brace scalable left lbrace e right rbrace 
Angle bracket scalable left langle f right rangle 
Operator brackets scalable left langle g mline h right rangle 
Over brace scalable {The brace is above} overbrace a 
Under brace scalable {the brace is below}underbrace {f} 
Floor Brackets lfloor a rfloor 
Ceil Brackets lceil a rceil 

## Formats

Operation Command Display
Left superscript a lsup{b} 
Center superscript a csup{b} 
Right superscript a^{b} 
Left subscript a lsub{b} 
Center subscript a csub{b} 
Right subscript a_{b} 
Align character to left (text is aligned center by default) stack { Hello world # alignl (a) }
 Hello world(a)
Align character to center stack{Hello world # alignc(a)}
 Hello world(a)
Align character to right stack { Hello world # alignr(a)}
 Hello world(a)
Vertical stack of 2 binom{a}{b} 
Vertical stack, more than 2 stack{a # b # z} 
Matrix matrix{
a # b ##
c # d
}

Equations aligned at '=' (using 'matrix') matrix{
a # "=" # alignl{b} ##
{} # "=" # alignl{c+1}
}

Equations aligned at '=' (using 'phantom') stack{
alignl{a} = b #
alignl{phantom{a} = c+1}
}

New line asldkfjo newline sadkfj asldkfjo
Small gap (grave) stuff `stuff 
Large gap (tilde) stuff~stuff 

## Characters – Greek

 In localized versions of Writer, the markup names of Greek and special characters are localized. If this document is not localized to the same language, then the names below may not work for input. You may still use the Symbol catalog to select the desired character by its glyph. This will also display the character's localized markup name. Once entered, the characters will display properly in any language.
Code Display Code Display Code Display Code Display Code Display
%ALPHA Α %BETA Β %GAMMA Γ %DELTA Δ %EPSILON Ε
%ZETA Ζ %ETA Η %THETA Θ %IOTA Ι %KAPPA Κ
%LAMBDA Λ %MU Μ %NU Ν %XI Ξ %OMICRON Ο
%PI Π %RHO Ρ %SIGMA Σ %TAU Τ %UPSILON Υ
%PHI Φ %CHI Χ %PSI Ψ %OMEGA Ω
%alpha α %beta β %gamma γ %delta δ %epsilon ε
%varepsilon  %zeta ζ %eta η %theta θ %vartheta 
%iota ι %kappa κ %lambda λ %mu μ %nu ν
%xi ξ %omicron ο %pi π %varpi  %rho ρ
%varrho  %sigma σ %varsigma  %tau τ %upsilon υ
%phi φ %varphi  %chi χ %psi ψ %omega ω

## Characters – Special

 %and  %angle  %element  %identical  %infinite  %noelement  %notequal  %or  %perthousand ‰ %strictlygreaterthan  %strictlylessthan  %tendto