Difference between revisions of "Documentation/FAQ/Calc"

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Because of the number of FAQs for Calc, this section has been divided into several pages.
* [[Documentation/FAQ/Calc/Formatting | Formatting Spreadsheets]]
<span style="border:1px solid #CCAA77; background-color: #FFFFAA; padding: 4px; text-align: left; margin-bottom: 20px; white-space: nowrap;">
* [[Documentation/FAQ/Calc/Files | Document management, file formats, compatibility]]
[[image:Documentation_beingedited.png|40px]] This page is currently being edited {{{1|}}}
* [[Documentation/FAQ/Calc/Printing | Printing Spreadsheets]]
* [[Documentation/FAQ/Calc/Charts | Charts]]
* [[Documentation/FAQ/Calc/Errors | Error handling, error messages]]
* [[Documentation/FAQ/Calc/Miscellaneous | Miscellaneous questions]]
[[Category: Documentation/BeingEdited]]
{{Documentation/Note|Many of these FAQs were originally written for OpenOffice.org 1.x and may not have been updated to reflect changes in OOo 2.x or 3.x. We are working on checking updating all of them, but this takes a lot of time and more volunteers are needed. If you find an answer that is out of date, please either correct it or leave a comment on the "Discussion" tab of the relevant page.}}
* [[Documentation/OOoAuthors_User_Manual/Getting_Started/Getting_Started_with_Calc | Getting Started With Calc (2.x)]]
* [[Documentation/OOoAuthors_User_Manual/Calc_Guide | Calc Guide (2.x)]]
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default=Documentation/FAQ/Calc/<INSERT FAQ TOPIC>
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===How do I insert superscript or subscript text in my spreadsheet?===
'''Using the Menu'''
# Select the individual character(s) to be made superscript/subscript:
#* Click on the cell with the text
#* At the input line above the spreadsheet, select the characters to be altered
# Select '''Format - Character''' from the menu
# Click on '''Font Position'''
# Click '''Superscript''' or '''Subscript'''. You can optionally change the character reduction ratio but usually the default value will work fine.
'''Using the Keyboard'''
# Select the individual character(s) to be made superscript/subscript:
#* Click on the cell with the text
#* At the input line above the spreadsheet, select the characters to be altered
# For Superscript, press '''CTRL'''+'''SHIFT'''+'''P'''<br>For Subscript, press '''CTRL'''+'''SHIFT'''+'''B'''
* Cell height may require an adjustment to accommodate the new character.
* These commands also work for the word processor.
===How can I use a dot (.) as decimal sign instead of a comma?===
Some languages, like French, Italian, German, or Portuguese, use a comma as
decimal separator. The appearance of numbers in Calc depends on
the language settings. If you want to use the dot or decimal point
as separator you need to switch the language for the corresponding
cells to English:
# Select the corresponding cells (press '''CTRL'''+'''A''' to select all cells of a sheet)
# Select '''Format - Cells''' from the menu
# Select the '''Numbers''' tab and select one of the English variants from the '''Language''' list.
* If you use a dot in a language that uses a comma as decimal separator, Calc will not recognize the input as number.
* The decimal sign used will change with the language. If you switch back to a language that uses the comma as separator, the displayed decimal separator will change accordingly.
===If a cell is center-justified, and the text is wider than the cell, it automatically left-justifies. Can I fix this?===
This is a known bug in OpenOffice.org 1.1.x that is fixed in the [http://download.openoffice.org/index.html current version].
===Can I center my text so that the text will flow both to the left and right if the cells are empty?===
It is possible in Calc for the text to flow across empty cells on the right side of a cell. However test flow outside of the left edge of a cell is not yet supported.
* more on the [[Talk:Documentation/FAQ/Calc]] discussion page
===How do I use styles and formatting?===
See [http://documentation.openoffice.org/HOW_TO/spreadsheet/calc4_EN.html How to Format a Spreadsheet].
===How can I create my own sort lists?===
Sometimes it is useful to use sort lists to control the order of
your data, especially if the data is better sorted in an order that is
not alphabetical or numerical. 
Sort lists can be used to fill data into cells by "guessing" following
values based on the value of a first cell. The most widespread example
is the days of the week or names of the months:
# Insert "Jan" into a cell.
# Select this cell, then drag the black square at the lower right corner across other cells in the same row or column.
# The other names of the months will automatically fill into the selected cells.
'''To create your own sort list:'''
# Select '''Tools - Options''' from the menu.
# Click '''OpenOffice.org Calc''' and '''Sort Lists''' in the left column<br>In OpenOffice.org 1.1.x, the option is called '''Spreadsheet''' instead of OpenOffice.org Calc.
# Click '''New''' on the right side of the window.
# Type your list in '''Entries''' box separating each word by a comma or a line break. Do not use spaces.
# Click '''Add''' after your list is complete to save your new sort list.
===How do I add additional strings or characters to cell contents?===
Use the '''CONCATENATE''' function to add strings or characters to cell contents:
# Go to an empty cell
# Enter '''=CONCATENATE("prefix";A1;"suffix")''' as the cell contents<br>"prefix" being any text you would like to add in front of the existing cell contents<br>A1 being the original cell<br>"suffix" being any text you would like to add after the existing cell contents
* Original Cell "C5" with content "filename"
* In a new cell, enter '''=CONCATENATE("my_";A1;".ods")'''
* The new cell value will be "my_filename.ods"
===How are notes within cells displayed?===
'''To create a Note for a cell'''
* Select '''Insert - Note''' from the menu
'''To show a note permanently'''
# Right-click in the cell with the note
# Select '''Show Note'''
===Why are my notes not showing for cells?===
* Make sure that '''Help - Tips''' from the main menu is marked
# Select '''Tools - Options''' from the main menu
# Select '''OpenOffice.org - General'''
# Make sure that '''Help - Tips''' is marked
===I have a custom number format that I use, but Calc forgets it.===
For Calc to remember the preferred number formats, add them to a template:
# Create a new empty spreadsheet document or open an existing template by selecting '''File - Templates - Edit''' from the main menu
# Add the number formats as required
# Select '''File - Templates - Save''' from the main menu
# Insert a name for the template and select a template category (e.g., '''My Templates''')
# Click '''OK''' to save the template
To have them available with every newly created spreadsheet you need to make this template your default template:
# Select '''File - Templates - Organize''' from the main menu
# Select the template from the list of templates (double click the template categories to show all containing template files)
# Right-click the template file name and select '''Set as default template'''
# Click Close
===How can I use conditional formatting?===
Formats in each cell can be based upon defined conditions. This function can be accessed through the drop-down menus:
* Select '''Format - Conditional Formatting...'''
In the dialog box that appears, enter the conditions that determine the formats and the desired formats for each condition. If more help is needed to understand the settings, click the '''Help''' button in the dialog box, and a new help window opens with a description of all the fields shown in the dialog box. The help file also shows the path to a sample file that uses conditional formatting for reference.
* [[Calc Conditional Formatting How To]] (to be written)
===How do I wrap text within a cell in my spreadsheet?===
To wrap text within a cell, or merged set of cells:
# Select a cell or group of cells.
# Right-click the selected area and go to '''Format cells...''', or select '''Format - Cells''' from the main menu
# Click on the '''Alignment''' tab.
# Check the '''Wrap text automatically''' (in OpenOffice.org 1.1.x: Automatic line break)
# Click '''OK'''.
# Select 'Optimal Row Height...' from the context menu. Now the contents of the cell will be wrapped to fit the cell.
===How do I disable the capitalized letter at the beginning of cells in Calc?===
# Select '''Tools - AutoCorrect''' from the main menu
# Select the '''Options''' tab
# Clear any automatic option you want to disable (in this case '''Capitalize the first letter of every sentence''')
===How do I make a wide title cell extend across several columns in my spreadsheet?===
# Select the cells in which the title is to appear.<br>Do this by clicking in the first cell, then hold down the mouse button and drag the selection box across the last cell of your chosen area.
# Select '''Format - Merge Cells - Merge Cells''' (OpenOffice.org 1.1.x: Format - Merge Cells - Define) or '''Format - Merge Cells - Merge and Center Cells'''
===How do I rotate a column title so that it fits above my very narrow column?===
There are a few options. Follow these instructions:
# Select the cells where you wish to rotate the text.
# Select '''Format - Cells...''' from the main menu
# Click on the '''Alignment''' tab
# In the '''Text Orientation''' section (OpenOffice.org 1.1.x: Text Direction) drag the dot on the circle to the bottom of the circle (or enter '''270''' in the Degrees box). This will rotate the text in the selected cell by 270 degrees.
# Click '''OK''' to see the effect. Experiment with placement of the dot to learn more.
===Is there a way to add times that total greater than 24 hrs?===
Yes. Select a format code with the hour symbols in square brackets, like '''[HH]:MM'''.
# Select the cell you want to apply the format to
# Select '''Format - Cells''' from the main menu
# Select the '''Numbers''' tab
# Set the Category to '''Time'''
# Select one of the formats with hours > 24, for example '''[HH]:MM:SS'''<br>you can also select the '''Format Code''' line and enter the format yourself
# Click '''OK'''.
Now when you add the times from cells with this format together, you will get the true sum
of hours and minutes. Otherwise, the sum will reset to zero each time 24 hours is reached.
===Some of the rows or columns in my spreadsheet are hidden. How do I see all rows or columns?===
# Select the area of the spreadsheet where rows or columns are hidden. To select the entire spreadsheet, select '''Edit - Select All''' from the main menu or press '''CTRL'''+'''A'''
# To show all rows, select '''Format - Row - Show''' from the main menu<br>To show all columns, select '''Format - Column - Show''' from the main menu
===How do I format cells in Calc so that the rows number automatically?===
# Enter the formula '''=row()''' into cell where the row numbering will start
# Extend the cell by dragging the bottom right corner all the way down to the cell you want the numbering to end
* If you insert new rows, you will have to copy the formula to the new cells.
===How are thick lines or borders created around my cells?===
# Select the cells where you wish to apply a border.
# Select '''Format - Cells...''' from the main menu
# Click on the '''Borders''' tab
# In the '''Line Arrangement''' section, under '''Default''', click on the icon that best shows the style of border you wish to use, or<br> Under '''User Defined''', select custom border styles by clicking on the individual lines shown bordering four 'dummy' cells.
To change the width and color of a border:
* In the '''Line''' section, under '''Style''', click on the desired line for your border, and
* Under '''Color''', choose the desired color for your border.
===How do I insert a page number in the form of 'Page 1 of N' on each page of a spreadsheet?===
Page numbers can be inserted into the header or footer sections of a spreadsheet.
These will be visible only in the Page Preview mode and on the print. The page numbers
will not be visible on, nor are they related to, the calc sheets themselves.
The page numbers reflect the defined print areas of the workbook.
To insert page numbers:
# Select '''Edit - Headers &amp; Footers...''' from the main menu
# Depending on where you want the page number to appear, select either the '''Header''' or the '''Footer''' tab
# Click in the area where you want the page number to be displayed (Left, Center, or Right) to place the cursor inside the box.
# Type "Page ", then add one space character.<br>
# The available data fields are represented by a row of icons below the input areas,<br>Click on the document icon with ONE number sign [ # ] to insert the page number placeholder.
# Type " of "
# Click on the document icon with TWO number signs [ ## ] to insert the page total placeholder
# Click '''OK'''
* The data fields available in the header and footer settings are the only data fields and formats available in spreadsheets.
=== How can links to other workbooks, including vlookups, update dynamically? ===
Dynamic links across spreadsheets:
Imagine you want to use a '''vlookup''' from a spreadsheet database (that is, a range of cells you are treating as database), and the database is in another workbook.
In Excel, changing data in the database will cause the '''vlookup''' to update without user action (dynamic updating).
If you open such a formula into Calc, the formula looks like this:
but this does not update dynamically.
You need to save the database document with any changes made to it, and then manually refresh links perhaps by closing and reopening the spreadsheet using the '''vlookup'''.
Copy the range of cells in your database, and then do a Paste Special -> Link
The formula will look like this
This is a dynamic link. References to the other workbook can be changed to use this "DDE" reference, rather than the "file:///" reference.
So, you can rewrite the vlookup as this
and now you have a dynamic vlookup
Works in version 2.2
<!-- MARK -->
==Opening and Importing Files, Microsoft Interoperability==
===Is it possible to open a Microsoft Excel file that is protected by a password in Calc?===
With 1.1.x releases of OpenOffice.org, it is '''not''' possible to do this directly. Such a file
can be opened from Calc only if you remove the password using the original application.
2.x versions of OpenOffice.org, will open the password protected file when the correct password was entered.
===How do I insert external data into an existing Calc spreadsheet file?===
You can insert tabular data from an external files into an existing Calc spreadsheet file as follows.
A new sheet will be created for the inserted data.
* Select '''Insert - Sheet From File''' and select the file with the data
* If you have selected a text file with values separated by delimiters you will see an import dialog to set the corresponding options
* [[FAQ:Calc#How_do_I_open_a_tab-delimited_file_in_OpenOffice.org_Spreadsheet.3F_What_if_I_have_a_different_type_of_delimiter.3F| How do I open a tab-delimited file in OpenOffice.org Spreadsheet?]]
===How do I open a tab-delimited file in OpenOffice.org Spreadsheet? What if I have a different type of delimiter?===
First, if your ASCII file is not already named with a '''.txt''' extension, rename it that way.
# Select '''File - Open''' from the main menu and browse to find and select the file.
# Select File type: '''Text CSV (.csv; .txt)'''<br>Note: This choice is near the bottom in the spreadsheet file types section of the list.
# Click '''Open'''.
# In the dialog that appears next, select the '''Separator options'''.<br>These are the characters or methods used in the file to separate the fields of data. The same methods must be specified in this box as those used in the file to import the data into a spreadsheet. After selecting the separator type, a preview of the data will be displayed in the '''Fields''' section. If the data visually lines up in columns, then the correct
separator has been selected. If not, a different separator type may be used in the file. The goal is to match the correct character used as a separator in the file, so that the data will line up nicely in the visible cells.
# When the data lines up, click '''OK'''.
* The characters used as a separators and delimiters will be visible, if you open the .txt file in Writer and enable the hidden characters ('''View - Nonprinting Characters''').
===My formula from an Excel worksheet doesn't work!===
This can be caused by many reasons, with the most common reason
being that OpenOffice.org uses semi-colons (;) between arguments,
instead of commas (,) like in Excel.
===Why does Calc refuses to open my .txt file?===
A text file with tabular values must be imported into Calc using '''.csv''' format. You cannot open it by double-clicking on the file name, unless it has the '''.csv''' extension, since a text file will automatically open in Writer.
If you want to open a .txt file with tabular data using Calc:
* Rename the file so that it uses the .csv file extension.
* Select '''File - Open''' from the menu and select '''Text CSV''' from the '''File type''' list.<br>This is quite a way down in the list so it is easy to miss. An easy way of navigating there is to press '''T''' several times when inside the list field until the filter name comes up.
* [[#How_do_I_open_a_tab-delimited_file_in_OpenOffice.org_Spreadsheet._What_if_I_have_a_different_type_of_delimiter.]]
===A large Calc spreadsheet was converted from another application. Some of my rows are missing! What happened?===
OpenOffice.org spreadsheets supports a maximum of 65,536 rows (32,000 in releases 1.1.x).
Spreadsheets converted from other applications that contain more than 65,536 rows will be truncated.
* Split large spreadsheets from other applications into smaller worksheets, so that each has fewer than 65,536 rows prior to converting them. A range containing fewer than 65,536 rows will convert correctly in OpenOffice.org 2.x
<!-- MARK -->
==Selecting, Copying, and Pasting==
===I want to select two cells that are not adjacent, but holding down the CTRL key does not seem to work. How can I perform this action?===
In OpenOffice.org 1.1.x, if you click in a cell, it is not selected, but focused.
To select a cell, you need to
# Click on a cell to focus it
# Hold down the '''SHIFT''' key and then click on the cell again to select it
After having done so, you'll be able to select multiple non-adjacent cells, by holding down the '''CTRL''' key as you select new cells.
In all 2.x versions, you can use the '''CTRL''' key to mark cells that are not adjacent.
<!-- MARK -->
==Saving and Exporting Files==
===How do I output my spreadsheet data as an ASCII, delimited text file?===
# Select: '''File - Save As...''' from the main menu
# In the '''Save as''' dialog that appears, select File type '''Text CSV (.csv; .txt)''' from the list of spreadsheet file types.<br>Press '''T''' several times in the list to quickly jump to that entry.
# Click to enable the box next to '''Edit filter settings'''.
# Click '''Save'''.
# In the '''Export of text files''' dialog box that pops up, enter the field and text delimiters of your choice.<br>The '''Text delimiter''' is the character that will surround any text entries in your spreadsheet, to keep each phrase together as an entity, when the file is exported into ASCII format.
<!-- MARK -->
===Why does Calc print out all the sheets in the file?===
By default, Calc is configured to do just that [not in 2.4 nor 3.0rc2 (though I wish it was)]. This setting can be changed so that only the current sheet is printed:
# Select '''File - Print''' from the main menu
# Click '''Options'''
# Check the box '''Print only selected sheets for Document'''
To make the change permanent for all occurrences of OpenOffice.org Calc:
# Select '''Tools - Options''' from the main menu
# Select '''OpenOffice.org Calc - Print''' and check the box '''Print only selected sheets for Document'''<br>In OpenOffice.org 1.1.x, the entry is called '''Spreadsheets''' instead of OpenOffice.org Calc.
===How can I print some, but not all, of the cells on a sheet?===
# Select the cell(s) you want to print
# Select '''Format - Print Ranges - Define''' from the main menu
This sets the print range for that sheet to the set of selected cells.
* You can have different print ranges on each sheet.
===How do I get Sheet1 to print as portrait and Sheet2 to print as landscape?===
You can assign a different page style to each sheet. To print out different page orientations,
you first create a new page style with the desired format options and then apply it to the
corresponding sheet(s).
# Select '''Format - Styles and Formatting''' (in OpenOffice.org 1.1.x: Format - Stylist) or press '''F11'''
# Click the '''Page Styles''' icon (2nd from the left) in the Styles and Formatting window (in OpenOffice.org 1.1.x: Stylist)
# Right-click in the page style list and select '''New...'''
# In the '''Page Style''' window, give the new page style a descriptive name, such as '''Landscape Page'''
# Click on the '''Page''' tab and change the '''Orientation''' to '''Landscape'''
# Click '''OK''' to close the window
# Select the sheet that you want to print in landscape orientation
# Double-click the newly created page style (e.g. '''Landscape Page''') to assign that style to the sheet.
===How I do select a row (or rows) in my spreadsheet to repeat on every page when printed?===
# Select '''Format - Print Ranges - Edit''' from the main menu
# Place the cursor in the input field on the '''Rows to repeat''' line
#* Enter the row number manually (e.g. $4 for row 4, $4:$6 for rows 4 to 6), or
#* Click on the icon to the right of the input field, then select a cell on the desired row from the spreadsheet.<br>Multiple rows can be specified dragging your mouse across a range of cells.
# Click '''OK'''.
* The row(s) specified here will be repeated on each print.
* You will not see a visual change in the spreadsheet, only in the printed copies.
* Use '''File - Page Preview''' to preview pages before printing.
* You an only select multiple rows id they are consecutive.
===How do I print my spreadsheets?===
<this should really rather be in a Howto>
In general, the best way to print large spreadsheets
is to first preview the print output, then adjust the print settings to
arrive at the desired effect. The following mini-procedures explain the
main options for printing spreadsheets.
====Previewing the print area====
# Select '''File - Page Preview''' from the main menu
# Use the navigation buttons on the tool bar to view the print. If the spreadsheet is too large for one page, some columns may appear on additional pages.
# Click the '''Close Preview''' to the right of the navigation buttons on the toolbar to close the preview
# Make adjustments to the print settings, then preview again. Repeat until the print displays in the desired format.
* This command will allow you to see the current page number assignments for the data that you want to print. This is especially useful when only a portion of the spreadsheet is to be printed, or when several print ranges are associated with one Calc file.
====Formatting the page====
# Select '''Format - Page...''' from the main menu
# Select the '''Page''' tab in the dialog that appears
# Set the paper size
# Specify the page orientation by click on the checkbox next to '''Portrait''' or '''Landscape'''
# Adjust the margins, if needed.
# Set the table alignment to align the table to the page.
# Click '''OK''', or click other tabs in this box to acess more formatting options.
====Adjusting the page breaks====
# Select '''View - Page Break Preview''' from the main menu
# Place the cursor exactly on top of one of the (blue) page edge lines, then drag each edge to adjust the page boundaries as desired.
# To toggle this view off, select '''View - Page Break Preview''' again
* If everything appears gray, this means that no print ranges are defined. If a print range is defined, the printing area will show up with a white background with a blue outline at the page boundary. A gray 'Page N', where 'N' is the page sequence number ''for the sheet'', will appear in the middle of the print area. If no range is defined for printing, follow the instructions below.
====Setting the area to be printed====
# Go to the desired sheet.
# Click and drag to select (highlight) the area of the sheet to be printed.
# Select '''Format - Print Ranges - Add''' from the main menu
# Repeat the above steps for each sheet of the file to be printed.
====Adjusting the printout to fit onto one a specific number of pages====
# Select '''Format - Page...''' from the main menu
# Select the '''Sheet''' tab in the dialog that appears
# Select the '''Scaling Mode''' and a scale
# Click '''OK'''
# Use '''Page Preview''' (instructions above) to see a preview of what will print. Re-adjust if necessary.
====Editing the print range====
# Select '''Format - Print Ranges - Edit''' from the main menu
# In the print dialog that appears, look at the '''Print range''' setting.
# Adjust the cell definition in the range of cells, or select '''None''' to clear the print range.
# Click '''OK'''.
====Printing a spreadsheet in the center of the page====
# Select '''Format - Page...''' from the main menu
# Select the '''Page''' tab
# In the '''Table alignment''' section, select (or deselect as desired) the boxes next to '''Horizontal''' and '''Vertical'''. A visual of the table alignment settings will show in the small graphic on the same page as these parameters.
*[http://documentation.openoffice.org/HOW_TO/spreadsheet/calc5_EN.html How to Set the Printing Settings]
<!-- MARK -->
===How do I extend the range of data shown in my chart after I add new data to my spreadsheet?===
* Select a new range and drag the selection onto the chart, or
* Select the chart, right-click, and then choose '''Modify Data Range'''.
===How do I create a chart in a spreadsheet that is automatically updated when the data is changed?===
When you create a chart based on data that is present in the same spreadsheet, the chart will
automatically be updated whenever the data in the spreadsheet changes.
===How do I compute or plot trend lines?===
First, You need a column on your spreadsheet to hold average values.  Averages can be made by using one of these formulas:<br />
=SUM(&lt;cell range&gt;/&lt;number of cells&gt;)<br />
=AVERAGE(&lt;cell range&gt;)
Now, on to graphing:
You can do trendlines in Calc, but you can't show the equation of the line. To do that you need to do a linear array function.
Trendline: You have to have an xy chart to make a trendline (change the chart type). When you have a chart, select the data points, and then right click and select 'Object properties'. In the statistics tab, select the regression picture (none, linear, etc.) that you want.
For Version 1, OOCalc only really does linear.
<!-- MARK -->
==Error Handling and Troubleshooting==
===Why does deleting filtered rows remove other rows too?===
When using Calc filters, selections that span a range of cells
include filtered and hidden rows. Deleting a range of rows with a
filter enabled will delete '''all rows in that range''', whether they are
visible or hidden, not just the visible rows.
To select multiple rows individually, select the first row,
then use '''CTRL'''+Click to select each additional row.
===What do each of the error codes (Err:NNN) in OpenOffice.org spreadsheets mean?===
See [[FAQ:Calc_Error_Codes|here]] for a list of error codes
* a '###' in a cell is not an error, but an indication that the column is too narrow to display the data properly.
* [[FAQ:Calc#I_see_.|I
see '###' in a cell that formerly held data. How can I see my data again?]]
===Why do I see the formula text and not the result of the formula?===
* Make sure that all formulas will start with the equal sign (=)
If your formula starts with the = character, check that the options are set to not view the formula:
# Select '''Tools - Options''' from the main menu
# Select '''OpenOffice.org Calc - View''' (in OpenOffice.org 1.1.x: Spreadsheet - View)
# Make sure that the '''Formulas''' Option under '''Display''' is '''not''' checked
===How to get proper Calc Help files for OpenOffic.org 2.0.1 for Windows?===
Update to the [http://download.openoffice.org/ latest release]. The problem is fixed.
===I see '###' in a cell that formerly held data. How can I see my data again?===
When the content of a cell is too long to be displayed in a single cell, it will
be clipped at the standard width and height of the cell itself. The rest of the
content is simply hidden.
* Go to the heading row and drag one of the column edges until it is wide enough to display your data properly if the cell content is a number; or
* Double-click on the cell if the cell content is text and a little red triangle appears on the right side of the cell to signal that this is an overflowing one.
<!-- MARK -->
===What's the maximum number of rows and cells for a spreadsheet file?===
The OpenOffice.org 1.1.x versions were able to handle a maximum of 32,000 rows.
Update to the [http://download.openoffice.org/index.html current version] to solve this issue.
The limitations of the OpenOffice.org 2.x Calc versions are
* maximum number of rows: 65,536
* maximum number of columns: 256
* maximum number of cells per sheet: 16,777,216
* maximum number of sheets: 256
* maximum number of cells per file: 4,294,967,296
The limitations of the OpenOffice.org 3.x Calc versions are
* maximum number of rows: 65,536
* maximum number of columns: 1024
* maximum number of cells per sheet: 67,108,864
* When referencing to external documents in formulas or when creating sceanrios,
hidden helper sheets are created that reduce the available number of sheets and consequently cells.
===How can I start OpenOffice.org Calc instead of Writer?===
Pass '''-calc''' as an argument on the command line when executing openoffice.org to start OpenOffice.org Calc:
ooffice -calc
===How can I see the row and column captions as I scroll through a sheet that is larger than my display?===
There are two ways to obtain this result:
Mode 1 (with a single row or column caption): '''Freeze''' the caption.
# Click on the cell just below and to the right of the row and column that will contain your caption.
# Select '''Window - Freeze''' from the main menu.
If you have either row captions or column labels, you can create a cross freezing
by clicking on the uppermost left side cell that does '''not''' contain a caption.
For example, in a sheet with single row and column captions, choose the B2 cell.
The position of all cells above and to the left of the cell where the Freeze
was activated will be frozen.
Mode 2 (with multiple row or column captions): '''Split''' the sheet.
# Click on the cell just below and to the right of the row and column that you want to contain your caption.
# Select '''Window - Split''' from the main menu.
The sheet window will be split. The result is different from Mode 1 because you
can scroll all sections of the split window, showing the caption according to
your needs.
There is another (almost hidden) way to split a sheet window:
At the top of the right scroll bar and at the right of the bottom one, you can
see little black lines. When the mouse is over one of these zones, the mouse pointer
changes into a dragging icon.
# When this icon shows, click and hold down the left mouse button to display a border line in the grid of cells.
# With the mouse, drag the line on the grid to the row or column that will contain your caption.
# Release the mouse button. The sheet will be split at this border.
===How do I protect cells in my spreadsheet?===
Cell protection is active for all cells by default. If only certain cells are to be protected, this setting must be turned off.
To '''exclude''' cells from the protection:
# Select the cells to be excluded from protection<br>Hold down the '''Ctrl''' key while clicking on non-adjacent cells to highlight the ones that are to be protected.<br>If you only want to protect a small number of cells, it may be easier to clear the protection for all cells and the re-activate protection for the appropriate cells. For this, select the entire spreadsheet: press '''CTRL'''+'''A''' or click on the little gray box above row 1 and to the left of column A.
# Select '''Format - Cells''' from the main menu
# Click on the '''Cell Protection''' tab
# Clear the check mark for the '''Protected''' option
# Click '''OK'''
Initially however, the protection is not '''activated'''. To activate the protection:
* Select '''Tools - Protect Document - Sheet''' to protect the current sheet only
* Select '''Tools - Protect Document - Document''' to protect all sheets in the current document
===How can I use cells from different Calc files?===
# Open the source file
# Select the cells and press '''CTRL'''+'''C''' to copy them to the clipboard
# Open the target file
# Select a target cell and select '''Edit - Paste Special''' from the main menu
# Check the '''Link''' box in the '''Options''' section
The inserted data are now linked to the original document. Whenever the
data changes in the source document this will be reflected in the
target document.
===How I change the order of sheets in my spreadsheet?===
You can move a sheet to a different position, click and hold the sheet tab at the bottom
of the screen with the mouse and drag it to its new position.
You can also move sheets (even across different documents) using the menu:
# Right-click the sheet you want to move and select '''Move/Copy Sheet...''' from the pop-up menu, or<br>select '''Edit - Sheet - Move/Copy''' from the main menu
# Specify the new position of the sheet in the dialog.<br>You can even move the sheet to a different document that is opened in Calc
# Click '''OK'''
* If you check the '''Copy''' option in the dialog, the sheet will copied, not moved.
===How can I rename a sheet?===
* Right-click the sheet you wish to rename and select '''Rename Sheet''' from the popop menu, or
* Select '''Format - Sheet - Rename''' from the main menu
* You can only use letters, numbers, spaces, and the underline character in the sheet name.
===How is a variable date inserted into a spreadsheet cell?===
# Select the cell that will hold the function.
# Enter '''=TODAY()''' for the current date or '''=NOW()''' for the current date and time.<br>
The values will be dynamically updated when the file is reloaded.
===How to make a checkbox change according to data in another cell?===
In Calc enter this function<br />
Now, you need to add this macro. If you don't know how, please see the user guide.
Sub SetMyCheckBox
Dim oForm
Dim oControl
Dim oSheet
Dim oCell
oForm = ThisComponent.Sheets(0).DrawPage.Forms.getByIndex(0)
oControl = oForm.getByName("MyCheckbox")
oSheet = ThisComponent.Sheets(0)
oCell = oSheet.getCellRangeByName("A1")
If oCell.Value = "1" then
oControl.Value = "True" (?)
oControl.Value = "False"
End If
End Sub
===What is the fastest way to copy a calculation to all rows?===
To fill a selected cell range with the formula that you entered on the <b>Input line</b>, press <b>Alt+Enter</b>. Hold down <b>Alt+Enter+Shift</b> to apply the cell format of the input cell to the entire cell range.
===How do I use regular expressions in Calc?===
Please see the [http://wiki.services.openoffice.org/wiki/Documentation/How_Tos/Regular_Expressions_in_Calc Calc Regular Expressions HowTo].
===How do I use arrays in Calc?===
Please see the [http://wiki.services.openoffice.org/wiki/Documentation/How_Tos/Using_Arrays Using Arrays HowTo].
===Where do I find more detailed descriptions of Calc functions?===
Please see [http://wiki.services.openoffice.org/wiki/Documentation/How_Tos/Calc:_Functions_listed_by_category Calc functions] in the HowTo section of the wiki.
===How do I add up cells, depending on some conditions?===
Please see the [http://wiki.services.openoffice.org/wiki/Documentation/How_Tos/Conditional_Counting_and_Summation Conditional Counting and Summation HowTo].
===Where can I find more documentation for Calc?===
Internal OpenOffice.org resources:
* [http://documentation.openoffice.org/HOW_TO/index.html OOo Documentation Project How-Tos]
* [http://wiki.services.openoffice.org/wiki/Documentation/How_Tos Wiki How-Tos].
* [http://documentation.openoffice.org/manuals/index.html OOo Documentation Project Manuals]
External resources:
* [http://www.tutorialsforopenoffice.org/category_index/spreadsheet.html Calc Tutorials for OpenOffice]
* [http://www.digitaldistribution.com/samples/calcfirststeps/ First Steps with Calc]
* [http://www.engineering.usu.edu/cee/faculty/gurro/Classes/ClassNotesAllClasses/CEE3030/OOOCalcBook/Probability&StatisticsOOOCalc.htm Probability and Statistics with OOo Calc (in progress)]
Internal OpenOffice.org mail lists where you can find information about Calc:
* [http://www.openoffice.org/servlets/SummarizeList?listName=users OOo General Users List Archives]
* [http://sc.openoffice.org/servlets/SummarizeList?listName=users OOo Spreadsheet Project User List Archives]
External mail lists and forums where you can find information about Calc:
* [http://user.services.openoffice.org/en/forum OpenOffice.org User Forum]
[[Category:User_FAQ]] [[Category:Calc]]
[[Category:User_FAQ]] [[Category:Calc]]

Revision as of 15:06, 4 November 2008

doc OOo

Because of the number of FAQs for Calc, this section has been divided into several pages.



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