Building on Linux

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Template:Documentation/Linux Template:Documentation/Note Template:Documentation/Tip


hardware requirements

  • 1 or more reasonable fast CPUs, x-way CPU's recommended.
  • 1 GB Ram ( 2 GB recommended )
  • 10 GB free disk space

software requirements

  • glibc:
    • for OOo<=3.1: 2.2.x or higher
    • for OOo>3.1: 2.3.2 or higher
  • C/C++ Compiler:
    • gcc >= 3.3
    • gcc 4.2.3 is the current reference compiler
  • The X11 development libraries and header files1.
  • PAM including the development headers2.
  • bash3.
  • gtk2 and libtiff including the development headers4.

Full Builds

To perform a full build, you need to follow these steps:


  • Run the configure script to check all requirements. Run the following command to view all possible options.
./configure --help

An example configure command (on Ubuntu 9.04 with as much libraries by the system used as possible):

./configure --with-use-shell=bash --with-system-libs \
--without-system-jars --without-system-icu --without-system-agg \
--without-system-lpsolve --without-system-mspack --disable-mozilla

See the last information box in the configure script or Category:Distribution-Specific_Build_Instructions for more information for your platform.

Documentation caution.png Please check for any warnings emitted by the configure-script.


When configure finished successfully, run:


to create the dmake executable required to build

setting the environment

When the configure script has been run successfully a file was created5. Do this:


to set up the environment for the build.

configure to build a ready-to-run installation (optional)

To have the build create a ready-to-be-run installation for testing purposes, set the following environment variables after sourcing the file6.

export LOCALINSTALLDIR="/my/Destination/Dir"
export PKGFORMAT="installed"

If you do not set PKGFORMAT, native packages (.deb/.rpm) will be build.

starting the build

Build the software by typing the following in $SRC_ROOT7:


The building procedure will take at least an hour (on a 3 GHz Quad-Core with 8GB RAM).

Partial Builds

There are two ways to do partial builds:

  • compatible
  • incompatible

Only do compatible partial builds if you know exactly what you are doing. Template:Documentation/Note

rebuilding from a module (incompatible build)

If you decide to change a module in an incompatible way, you will need to rebuild all modules depending on it (directly or indirectly):

cd $SRC_ROOT/instsetoo_native
build --from $INCOMPATIPLEMODULE --prepare

rebuilding a module (compatible build)

To rebuild a module you can delete all output directories with, rebuild and redeliver into the solver with:

build --from $MODULE --prepare
build && deliver

A simple build in $SRC_ROOT/instsetoo_native will recreate the installation sets, provided all other modules have already been build.8

Documentation caution.png This does not check for incompatible modules. If unsure, use an incompatible build (see above).

Building a Module with Debug Information

To rebuild a module with debug information and additional assertions and checks, run:

build --from $MODULE --prepare # removes old output trees and solver
build debug=true --from $MODULE

Drop the newly created binaries into an existing installation. Building an installation set with them will not help, as binaries are stripped on packing by default.


Finding Installation Sets

The english installation set will be located at $SRC_ROOT/instsetoo_native/{deb,rpm,archive}/install/en-US/9.


Tips And Tricks


For Windows: download from here, do the following:

export CCACHE_DIR="some/place/with/space"
ccache -M 2G -F 10000
export CXX=" ccache cl"
# export USE_PCH=  if you experience trouble with precompiled headers



If you set the environment variable nodep to TRUE, then dependency information files are not created - the build finishes faster.

Documentation caution.png But only enable that on a clean build. Once you have built OOo and then made modifications, unset the variable again to be on the safe side.


Similar to the nodep variable, this one prevents the generation of HIDs (Help IDs) that are mainly used for automated testing - if you only want to build OOo, you don't need those.

parallel builds

If you have a multiprocessor machine or similar, you can run a parallel build. There are two levels of parallelism - one operating on makefile level, the other one on module level

parallelism on the directory level

export MAXPROCESS=<numer or processes> 

This tells dmake how many targets it is allowed to build in parallel

parallelism on the module level

For parallelism on the module level, you have to run build from $SRC_ROOT>/instsetoo_native with the -P<number> switch, for example:

build -P2

create prebuilt mozilla

For the mozilla-components you have the choice to either build from mozilla sources, to use precompiled packages or to use system-mozilla (the one installed on your buildsystem, not everything might work, depending on the version you got installed). You can easily create your own version of the prepacked binaries if you wish to do so (either because you cannot use the official ones because of mismatch of compiler version used to build them/other technical reasons or because you want to use stuff you didn't build yourself). To do so:

  • build the moz module from the mozilla sources
  • use --enable-build-mozilla when running configure and put the mozilla-source tarball to moz/download
  • in moz run dmake zip to create the zip files
  • you'll find the zips in {platform}.pro/zipped

Copy them to a location of your liking. Now instead of using --enable-build-mozilla, use --disable-build-mozilla and copy the zips you created or downloaded to moz/zipped and these will be used when compiling. This will greatly reduce build-time (you save the time that would otherwise be spent on compiling mozilla).

See Also


1 Template:Documentation/Note

2 Template:Documentation/Note

3 Template:Documentation/Note

4 Template:Documentation/Note

5 Template:Documentation/Note

6 Template:Documentation/Tip

7 Template:Documentation/Note

Documentation caution.png build --all would rebuild changed/missing files. However, it does not check for incompatible modules. If unsure, use build --from --prepare.

9 The en-US in the path names indicates that the localization is American English. This value corresponds to the language tags defined by RFC 1766 (Tags for the Identification of Languages). The German installation set will be located in a de subdirectory. This scheme holds true for all localizations you may have chosen explicitly.



Documentation caution.png Note that you can only build the language packs after you have build the complete office with all selected languages.

Content on this page is licensed under the Public Documentation License (PDL).
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