# Difference between revisions of "Documentation/BASIC Guide/Branching"

Use branching statements to restrict the execution of a code block until a particular condition is satisfied.

## If...Then...Else

The most common branching statement is the If statement as shown in the following example:

```If A > 3 Then
B = 2
End If```

The B = 2 assignment only occurs when value of variable A is greater than three. A variation of the If statement is the If/Else clause:

```If A > 3 Then
B = 2
Else
B = 0
End If```

In this example, the variable B is assigned the value of 2 when A is greater than 3, otherwise B is assigned the value of 0.

For more complex statements, you can cascade the If statement, for example:

```If A = 0 Then
B = 0
ElseIf A < 3 Then
B = 1
Else
B = 2
End If```

If the value of variable A equals zero, B is assigned the value 0. If A is less than 3 (but not equal to zero), then B is assigned the value 1. In all other instances (that is, if A is greater than or equal to 3), B is assigned the value 2.

A complete If statement may be written on a single line, with a simpler syntax. The first example of this page may be written as:

`If A > 3 Then  B = 2`

`If A > 3 Then  B = 2  Else  B = 0`

## Select...Case

The Select...Case instruction is an alternative to the cascaded If statement and is used when you need to check a value against various conditions:

```Select Case DayOfWeek
Case 1:
NameOfWeekday = "Sunday"
Case 2:
NameOfWeekday = "Monday"
Case 3:
NameOfWeekday = "Tuesday"
Case 4:
NameOfWeekday = "Wednesday"
Case 5:
NameOfWeekday = "Thursday"
Case 6:
NameOfWeekday = "Friday"
Case 7:
NameOfWeekday = "Saturday"
End Select```

In this example, the name of a weekday corresponds to a number, so that the DayOfWeek variable is assigned the value of 1 for Sunday, 2 for Monday value, and so on.

The Select command is not restricted to simple 1:1 assignments — you can also specify comparison operators or lists of expressions in a Case branch. The following example lists the most important syntax variants:

```Select Case Var
Case 1 To 5
' ... Var is between the numbers 1 and 5 (including the values 1 and 5).
Case > 100
' ... Var is greater than 100
Case 6, 7, 8
' ... Var is 6, 7 or 8
Case 6, 7, 8, > 15, < 0
' ... Var is 6, 7, 8, greater than 15, or less than 0
Case Else
' ... all other instances
End Select```

```Select Case Var
Case Var = 8
' ... Var is 0
Case Else
' ... all other instances
End Select```

The statement (Var = 8) evaluates to TRUE if Var is 8, and FALSE otherwise. TRUE is -1 and FALSE is 0. The Select Case statement evaluates the expression, which is TRUE or FALSE, and then compares that value to Var. When Var is 0, there is a match. If you understand the last example, then you also know why this example does not do what it appears

```Select Case Var
Case Var > 8 And Var < 11
' ... Var is 0
Case Else
' ... all other instances
End Select```